Putting China’s AI to the gaokao test





AI ↔ AI   AI ↔ AI  AI ↔ AI  AI ↔ AI   AI ↔ AI   AI ↔ AI   AI ↔ AI   AI ↔ AI  

View - http://www.iflytek.com/  +  http://www.iflytek.com/en/






BEIJING  |  2015-12-23 19:20:55


Putting China’s AI

to the gaokao test


By Shen Anni and Ji Shaoting  |  CHINA FEATURES



Liu Qingfeng makes his presentation at the company’s annual launch in Beijing.



By 2020, China-developed artificial intelligence will be smart enough to gain admission to leading universities through the gaokao, China’s national college entrance exam.

“Our goal is to make our robots smart enough to enter first-class Chinese universities in three to five years,” Liu Qingfeng, president of tech firm iFLYTEK Co. Ltd., said on Monday of December 21 at the company’s annual launch in Beijing.

Liu believes artificial intelligence has three layers: computational intelligence, perceptive intelligence and cognitive intelligence. Robots have rivaled or surpassed the human brain in the first two layers. However, artificial cognitive intelligence, the ability to think and understand, is far more challenging.

“We have found the only way to crack cognitive intelligence,” Liu says. He and his company hold that human cognitive intelligence is the result of collision of thought, formed through oral or written communication. “So the key is speech and language.”





“It is easy for a robot to sit the gaokao because machines are strong in memory,” Liu says. “But it is hard for them to surpass 80 percent of human candidates and qualify for first-class universities.”

The A12 lab of University of Washington, he says, is aiming to pass the American College Testing biology exam. Japan’s Todai robot has the goal of competing with other students who want to enter the University of Tokyo by 2021.

Science tests such as math, physics and chemistry are relatively easy for AI because they can be solved with mathematical statistical models, Liu says. Japan’s robots have reached the level of an average student in multiple choice exams in math and physics.

The liberal arts – or more specifically, natural language understanding (NLU) – are tougher. “A composition in language or a history test is the most difficult,” Liu says. “NLU is what iFLYTEK focuses on.”

While the target is set, the ultimate goal is not to beat the human brain, but to advance human intelligence.

“Most schools never satisfy all students,” Liu says. Fast learners find their time wasted in class while slow learners feel frustrated if they cannot keep up. Teachers must often spend time grading answer sheets instead of helping underachievers.

“Thanks to the technology of handwriting recognition, speech recognition and automatic grading, AI can meet each student’s needs and lessen the teacher’s burden now.” Liu shows how robots can recognize notes on a piece of homework and give it a score. It can also identify a student’s weakness in his or her answer so the student can improve.

South China’s Guangdong Province has already used iFLYTEK’s grading system in the gaokao English oral test.

More than 80 million Chinese teachers and students are already benefiting from iFLYTEK’s education products and Liu believes the market in customized education is potentially huge.





As Liu addressed the audience, two big screens on each side of the stage were transferring his speech into text through a product called Iflyrec.

For journalists present this seemed like a long-overdue innovation, but Liu said it had posed many difficulties.

He raised the example of the smart home. If you want to control the electric appliances by voice, AI must recognize your voice by suppressing noise in the house. When you are talking with the television on, the robot must cancel the sound of the TV. If you want the air conditioner to hear you from 5 meters away, the AI must “grasp” far-field speech recognition that enables it to pick up the sound from a certain distance and from all directions.

“Another difficulty lies in discourse understanding, which includes smoothing out the text, adding punctuation, erasing irrelevant content and understanding informal language,” he says.

As the words flowed on the screens, five stenographers competed with the machine in shorthand. After assessing a random extract of 1,000 words, the robot won with an accuracy rate of 99.29 percent, compared to 80.84 percent for the best stenographer.

“With this technology, captions can be generated automatically on film,” Liu says.

Asked if robots might replace human reporters, Hu Yu, vice president of iFLYTEK, replies, “Rest easy – robots excel in computation and, of course, they are better compilers of data. But they cannot create stories.”

In the foreseeable future, Hu says, AI will help with simple brainwork. As for sophisticated brainwork, “we will maintain exclusive ownership.”





“A father cannot lift his son because ‘he’ is too heavy.” Can a robot tell who is “he” ?

“This question is very easy for humans, but too hard for a robot,” Hu says. To answer requires the machine to be able to comprehend the sentence.

iFLYTEK initiated its “Hyper Brain Project” last year, with the aim of developing AI cognitive intelligence. “This cognitive revolution revolves, on the surface, around NLU, but by nature, it’s cognition of the whole world, the universe and human society,” Hu says.

“A cognitive intelligence system is developed on the basis of perceptive intelligence,” Hu says. “When you see the face of a cat, the concept of cat soon forms in your brain. You begin to think of its mew and how its fur feels.”

iFLYTEK has developed neural machines for collecting perceptions, such as visual and audio information. When they have enough information, it will be gathered by a Neural Thinking Machine for reasoning and making conclusions, so that we can make better decisions. The result of the decision will be expressed via a Neural Expressing Machine, forming a closed loop that contains all of a human’s intelligence.

“We don’t have to copy the brain,” Hu says. “Our job is to find the true principles and secrets of brain.”

Such developments inevitably raise the prospect of a Terminator-style rebellion of the machines.

Hu says advances in AI will lead away from such fictions. “The more we learn from our brain, the better we can divide intelligence from self-consciousness, namely our emotions, good and evil. In the future, robots will be able to harness more intelligence, but not self-consciousness.”










  1. I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely loved
    every bit of it. I have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff you post…

  2. cure includes wrote:

    I must thank you for the eforts you’ve put in wrting this website.
    I really hope to see the same high-grade blog posts
    byy you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing
    abilities has motvated mme tto get my own, personal site now ;)

    My blog :: cure includes

  3. w lubinie wrote:

    Right now it looks like Expression Engine is the preferred blogging platform available right now.
    (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  4. Brittny wrote:

    Make sure to rinse your face all, to your neck, entirely down out
    of your hairline.

    Here is my page – best drugstore acne dark spot treatment (Brittny)

  5. Wendy wrote:

    I got acne however, not something I was worried about specifically since I assumed it was short-term, and that I got any

    My web-site – best face wash for acne (Wendy)

  6. Sophia wrote:

    With greater than 30 years of experience, we supply unrivaled pest control solution at competitive prices.

    Feel free to surf to my weblog; exterminator bend oregon (Sophia)

  7. Jordan wrote:

    Since I treated the basis reason for the situation, I’dnot been actually worrying
    about skincare whatsoever, and I know that most non-prescription acne products merely
    dry your skin layer out generating the problem worst.

    My page :: best acne spot treatment drugstore
    2012 (Jordan)

  8. Kourtney wrote:

    Parasite control firms such as Steritech and ECOLAB
    offer solutions for business homes only, so we omitted them from our schedule.

    my website :: bend oregon exterminator, Kourtney,

  9. It is a fundamental treadmill with out also
    quite a few more bells and whistles and yes, you can get some seriously fancy treadmills these days.

    my web blog; http://8tracks.com/

  10. In conclusion, the monogrammed quilted bags are always lightweight and highly durable.

    Sling bags (Shoulder bags) are a type of handbag worn over one shoulder with a strap.
    From backyard barbecues to tropical vacations, it seems like everyone makes the most of the warmest season of the year.

  11. Krystle wrote:

    If you want to save time and concentrate on a shortlist of quality treadmills you can see our
    pick of the very best house treadmill for various
    budgets from a variety of trusted companies on our Finest Buys
    treadmills page.

    Feel free to surf to my site: Krystle

  12. Silke wrote:

    Our experts are learnt the most up to date, most tried and tested and also trustworthy methods for reliable business pest
    control bend oregon (Silke) control.

  13. Dick wrote:

    As suggested above in Aspect One of How to Buy a Treadmill
    ,” immersive workout technologies assist sell quite a few residence treadmills.

    my web blog: Dick

  14. Janis wrote:

    Auto-quit is an significant safety function to quite a few treadmill shoppers
    who are elderly or infirm.

    Here is my weblog; Janis

  15. Reyna wrote:

    You really should prioritize to purchase treadmill that you can combine
    other points such as reading books, watching Television when exercising to decrease bore.

    My website: Reyna

  16. Residence treadmills get on choose a treadmil regular basis supplied good excellent results
    along with long lasting added benefits.

  17. Nicole wrote:

    In other words, the brief-reduce the Bobcats hoped for would demand
    a great deal of luck.

    Review my web page … Nicole

  18. Emanuel wrote:

    Ahead of I give you a treadmill exercise that incorporates some pick ups and strength training all in one session,
    I wanted to give you a tiny background on my fitness journey.

    Stop by my blog … Emanuel

  19. Olivia wrote:

    On a treadmill, you can opt for to stroll on an incline with a larger speed or stroll with out incline at a moderate speed.

    Look at my homepage … Olivia

  20. Nathaniel wrote:

    There is a developing trend of people obtaining treadmills (operating machines) for
    property use and it tends to make excellent
    sense – physical exercise when you want to in the comfort
    of your personal home and don’t waste the time travelling to and from the gym.

    Here is my website Nathaniel

  21. Lou wrote:

    For that reason, you have to enable be positive in which you make
    use of the actual ideal treadmill which will give you the actual
    most out with the treadmill exercise.

    Here is my web site Lou

  22. Jonnie wrote:

    It is a standard treadmill with out too numerous added bells and whistles
    and yes, you can get some truly fancy treadmills these days.

    My blog … Jonnie

  23. Sam wrote:

    A operating deck that is as well short implies you risk operating off the finish of the

    Here is my webpage :: Sam

  24. Hester wrote:

    You are going to nonetheless need to have a substantial spot for the folded up treadmill and maintain in thoughts
    it is not very quite when folded up. In truth, it’s pretty imposing- the
    deck is raised up to generate a strong wall” of rubber and plastic in your area.

    my web-site Hester

  25. Marjorie wrote:

    Also measure any intended storage space (L x W x H) if you are
    considering a folding treadmill.

    My web site :: Marjorie

  26. Glenn wrote:

    Emily of the infamous RunEMZ – My longest treadmill run to date is
    108.88 miles.

    Here is my web site: Glenn

  27. Pre-programmed workouts: These are workouts that
    are currently in the treadmill when you acquire it.

    This tends how to pick the right treadmill make it effortless to quickly get began with the
    exercise that is ideal for you.

  28. Wilfredo wrote:

    As such, take your choose and make a decision regardless of whether you would
    like to burn your calories on a smooth treadmill, or would like to get pleasure from the beauty of the outdoors by running outdoors.

    Also visit my webpage :: Wilfredo

  29. Florene wrote:

    A combination of aforementioned treadmill exercise routines for
    about 20-30 minutes day-to-day, is bound to give weight loss results in a short time.

    Feel free to surf to my web page – Florene

  30. Coleman wrote:

    Receiving in a good exercise on the treadmill is
    much better than suffering by way of a negative run or acquiring hurt.

    Take a look at my webpage; Coleman

  31. Demi wrote:

    For instance, adding a couple of sessions of jogging in in between your
    running treadmill exercise will not only aid to add
    range to your physical exercise but also decrease the
    strain on the muscles.

    Here is my web blog: Demi

  32. Elisha wrote:

    All motors have a continuous HP (CHP) rating, which is the measure of energy of the treadmill throughout regular, steady operation of the treadmill.

    Take a look at my web-site – Elisha

  33. Fanny wrote:

    and wasp control sets you back $95 for one nest or $195 for whole house prevention.

    my webpage … exterminator bend oregon (Fanny)

  34. Maddison wrote:

    To make the most of the treadmill then make certain you get the suitable
    a single for your needs in the very first place.

    My website: Maddison

  35. ficwad.com wrote:

    With the lottery pick the subsequent year, the group selects one more player who – as a rookie –
    gets more minutes than his below-typical production indicates.

    Feel free to surf to my webpage … ficwad.com

  36. Albertina wrote:

    For tips about treadmill troubleshooting and maintenance see the manual which
    comes with your treadmill.

    Feel free to surf to my homepage: Albertina

  37. Magda wrote:

    Its not a very good thought in order to starve your self involving meals items that you like such
    as dark chocolate cake or possibly a hamburger, if you will
    not take these people on a regular basis.

    My website Magda

  38. Heriberto wrote:

    If you have been operating for a whilst you currently know that outside
    operating is not constantly attainable due to weather and other unforeseen circumstances, that’s when your treadmill becomes your finest friend.

    Feel free to visit my page … Heriberto

  39. Virginia wrote:

    If your aim is to train for operating outdoors you might want much less cushioning so that
    your treadmill mimics the actual outdoors road circumstances much more

    My web site … Virginia

  40. Dusty wrote:

    Getting a treadmill in your household does mean you can run when you want for on the other hand extended you want.

    Also visit my web blog: Dusty

  41. June wrote:

    A high top quality treadmill machine functions a quantity of important rewards over
    a number of other varieties of fitness gear.

    Feel free to visit my web-site – June

  42. Lisette wrote:

    Generally speaking, the bigger the operating surface of the treadmill the larger the motor ought to be.

    Stop by my site: Lisette

  43. Jennifer wrote:

    Some companies use steel surrounded motor areas and
    other have employed foam to absorb noise, so make confident you know the construction ahead of you judge a treadmill by its noise but usually, the
    noise a treadmill generates is a very good indicator of the machine’s high quality.

    my weblog :: Jennifer

  44. In truth, this is the ideal option for those who wish to promote their service
    or solution.

    Review my web blog: twitter – pistachioconsulting.com

  45. Marilou wrote:

    As such, take your choose and determine no matter
    if you would like to burn your calories on a smooth treadmill, or
    would like to enjoy the beauty of the outdoors by running outside.

    Also visit my web blog: Marilou

  46. Jerrod wrote:

    You put a lot into your workout routines and ought to have an electric treadmill that provides
    you what you need to have to achieve this target.

    My web site: Jerrod

  47. Angela wrote:

    At times it can be challenging for the customer to know which treadmill is greatest.

    Here is my web blog :: Angela

  48. The following chart initially from McMillian shows the impact
    of Choose a Good Treadmill incline on pace.

  49. Morgan wrote:

    Here’s additional on deciding on a treadmill to meet your demands, along with detail on how we arrived at our ranking
    of these 10 solutions.

    my webpage: Morgan

  50. Salvatore wrote:

    You are going to only want to get a folding house treadmill if space at
    your residence is restricted and also you demand
    it left met with a retaining wall every so usually.

    My blog post :: Salvatore

  51. Crystal wrote:

    A good treadmill is made of tough material,
    meticulous weld so that the customers are able to keep away from
    harm and guarantee the security during practice.

    My weblog … Crystal

  52. Kara wrote:

    Get these factors ready even before your treadmill arrives and you will
    be 3-quarters of the way there.

    Also visit my blog post … Kara

  53. Sadie wrote:

    Its not a excellent concept in order to starve your self involving meals products that you like such as dark chocolate cake or
    possibly a hamburger, if you will not take these people frequently.

    Here is my site Sadie

  54. Yukiko wrote:

    There are a number of components to take into account before deciding on which treadmill headplant make and

    my website Yukiko

  55. Kiera wrote:

    If you are a runner or jogger, you will discover the treadmill a great fit for you.

    Also visit my website: Kiera

  56. Gino wrote:

    But, for example, two nights ago I did 8 miles at 8:00 pace
    outside, and last evening I could barely hold on for four miles at 8:30 pace on my treadmill.

    my webpage – Gino

  57. Jayson wrote:

    Adding hand and ankle weights can help choose up the intensity when keeping
    a slower pace.

    my blog – Jayson

  58. Mellisa wrote:

    Several people with knee troubles favor the decrease influence workout of
    an elliptical trainer to either an physical exercise
    bike or treadmill.

    my homepage Mellisa

  59. Marshall wrote:

    I am so glad that i found this post..I assumed that I was the only 1 who loved treadmill running additional than an outside run (to be fair i have to admit that i have not tried it many occasions though, but whenever I
    have, I have seasoned extreme tiredness).

    Check out my website … Marshall

  60. The Internet is a vast storehouse of information and you can easily discover further articles to
    aid you pick which machine to purchase.

    Have a look at my homepage :: Treadmill reviews 2015 canada

  61. That is why you must locate how do i pick a treadmill treadmill that is not
    only economical, but that also fits your private workout style.

  62. Linette wrote:

    You could even want to make a list of these desires
    to maintain in thoughts so you get the finest treadmill for

    my web blog … Linette

  63. Clint wrote:

    It can support you realize how to get a treadmill that has the motor energy, track size and other parts that fit your wants.

    my webpage Clint

  64. Eartha wrote:

    Treadmill equipmentSuch innovative styles encourage even the
    most stubborn property owners to get one and retain at you have been running for a whilst you currently know that outside running is not constantly doable due to climate and other unforeseen situations, that is when your treadmill becomes your ideal buddy.

    my weblog – Eartha

  65. Newbie — If you are a beginner runner or just a person who prefers a
    light jog now and once again, then it really is ideal how to buy a used treadmill start off off simple with
    your treadmill workouts.

  66. Julienne wrote:

    If you are pondering that one treadmill is like yet another, you could be
    shocked at the range of options and models you can select from!

    Feel free to surf to my homepage – Julienne

  67. Senaida wrote:

    If you just want to stroll on your treadmill appear for a minimum belt surface length of 48

    My webpage … Senaida

  68. Tressa wrote:

    Into folding treadmill purchasing a treadmill was 15 assets smaller sized for 30 a image

    My page … Tressa

  69. Jerome wrote:

    You can effortlessly pick up a dumbbell or two for a reasonable price with out doing any research at all.

    my blog: Jerome

  70. Layla wrote:

    The treadmill is possibly 1 of the most effectively-known workout or fitness center

    Also visit my blog Layla

  71. My preferred aspect about the treadmill desk is not that
    it is the greatest (I haven’t tried any of these
    out so I have no concept) and not that it really is the newest ( persons have been writing about it for months
    , so I’m just late how to choose a treadmill for home use in india the game).

  72. Kattie wrote:

    Proform treadmill can come below low-cost treadmill category as its variety varies from $500 to

    my page :: Kattie

  73. Nida wrote:

    It will serve you just as well and cost you thousands
    makes it possible for for a larger user weight, and will come with a lifetime warranty against cracks or
    treadmill is also applied in schools, heavy site visitors gyms, hospitals and wellness
    clubs as this can cater all fitness levels and ages.

    Feel free to surf to my web page; Nida

  74. Kandi wrote:

    Go via the automobile maker’s needs to see the unique dimensions and
    decide on an quantity perform very best for your residence.

    Stop by my homepage – Kandi

  75. Rena wrote:

    If there is any part of you that feels a small off about a planned run, head to the treadmill.

    Here is my webpage: Rena

  76. Jeanna wrote:

    There’s a freedom that you could by no means experience while on the treadmill… even so, when I identified that
    feeling…bringing it on the treadmill wasn’t as tough.

    Review my webpage :: Jeanna

  77. Lenard wrote:

    Save on Proform 725 EX Treadmill Drive Motor with rates beginning at $189.99 from Treadmill Treadmill
    - 50% Off SaleFree Shipping & No Sales Tax These days!

    Look at my page; Lenard

  78. Kazuko wrote:

    Good respond in return of this difficulty with firm arguments and explaining egerything regarding

  79. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this superb blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS
    feed to my Google account. I look forward to new
    updates and will talk about this blog with my Facebook group.
    Talk soon!

  80. gambar ewean wrote:

    Hi there, I found your blog by way of Google whilst
    looking for a similar matter, your web site got
    here up, it appears great. I’ve bookmarked it
    in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, just turned into alert to your blog thru Google, and located that it’s
    really informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful in the
    event you proceed this in future. Lots of other folks will be benefited out of your writing.

  81. apk mod wrote:

    Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed reading it, you
    can be a great author. I will ensure that I bookmark your blog and
    will eventually come back later in life. I want to encourage that
    you continue your great posts, have a nice day!

  82. apk mod wrote:

    Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I
    am impressed! Extremely useful info particularly the last part :) I care for such info much.

    I was seeking this certain info for a very long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  83. 外装材 wrote:

    Marvelous, what a website it is! This webpage provides valuable
    data to us, keep it up.

  84. Tamika wrote:

    Hi to every one, as I am really eager of reading this website’s post
    to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant data.

    my webpage; garcinia cambogia for men (Tamika)

  85. frvi game wrote:

    We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme
    in our community. Your site provided us with valuable info to work
    on. You have done an impressive job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  86. It is believed that because the cellulite is being suffocated it will reduce a
    lot faster. So not only are you smoothing out your skin, your actually improving your health.
    Women who’re facing this particular problem typically lose their self-confidence as
    they are withdrawn from donning the actual clothes
    designed to expose the pores and skin hollows.

  87. toyota tundra wrote:

    Hi there, I would like to subscribe for this blog to get latest updates, therefore where can i do it please help out.

  88. I am curious to find out what blog platform you are working with?
    I’m having some small security issues with my latest blog and
    I’d like to find something more safe. Do you have any suggestions?

  89. Although you might utilize the produced numbers for real
    lottery access, our team perform NOT claim that your chances
    from winning will be actually increased if you use
    our numbers.

    Visit my blog post … http://johndouglas.ru

  90. Whether you have an interest in establishing your potentials or even are looking
    at obtaining documents, fulfillment of the Starting Sermon Collection is actually a qualification for
    on-going research and item into intermediate and also state-of-the-art course working from the Chapel.

    My blog http://www.78kankan.cn

  91. Humanas.Cl wrote:

    I rarely-to-never publish a testimonial on anything yet
    this one is worthy of credit rating; 5/5 celebrities – outstanding and also
    making my VIVE acquisition worth it. Heavy steam will likely show
    (at least at the time of this evaluation) that I have actually spent regarding 4-8 hrs in Online Desktop
    computer but that would in fact be highly unreliable, I release VD at start up bypassing SteamVR and also not utilize my

    Look at my web site – used laptop stands for trucks – Humanas.Cl -

  92. The Power Lifestyle Training in San Diego likewise gives training programs
    for individuals which want to select, recuperation as a line of

    Feel free to surf to my page – http://www.lilchieclassicsalons.co.ke

  93. Shiela wrote:

    I may sense individuals aura or personality just before even talking with him as well as because
    i was 9 years of ages i wondered if i have
    any sort of phycic abilities feel free to can i have some point of views.

    my blog post – epratele.com – Shiela,

  94. When someone writes an paragraph he/she
    maintains the idea of a user in his/her brain that how a user can be aware of it.
    Therefore that’s why this piece of writing is amazing.

  95. Agora tenho fortes dores e também pontadas e também fico achando que tenho um aneurisma pronto pra estourar… pescoço doi e também
    atras da carola também.ouvido entope… ja marquei 3
    neurologistas pra semana que vem… vir cá ler
    comentarios de vcs me ajuda, pois vejo que nao estou sozinha como também é paranoia da nossa testa.

  96. Your hotel is just 30 seconds from your seaside, situated in Downtown Oceanside’s heart.

    My website :: storage units oceanside

  97. Beard Czar wrote:

    It is in point of fact a nice and helpful piece of info.
    I’m happy that you simply shared this useful information with us.
    Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

    Stop by my page Beard Czar

  98. Hosea wrote:

    I blog frequently and I genuinely thank you for your information. This great article has really peaked my interest.
    I’m going to bookmark your site and keep checking for new details about once a week.
    I subscribed to your Feed as well.

    My blog post; Digestive Freedom Plus – Hosea -

  99. Hilda wrote:

    I really love your blog.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you
    make this web site yourself? Please reply back
    as I’m looking to create my own site and would like to know where you got this from or what
    the theme is named. Thank you!

    My homepage: Harry Dent review (Hilda)

Leave a Reply